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Where we work

The intervention locations

The intervention locations are: Wayanad district in the Malabar region of Kerala, Koraput district in the Jeypore tracts of Odisha, and Kolli hills in Namakkal district of Tamil Nadu. The selected sites are in the category of backward locations identified by the Government of India and fall in 22 hotspots of Agrobiodiversity listed by the PPVFR Authority.

Wayanad district of Kerala

Wayanad a steep mountainous plateau in the Western Ghats with vast forest cover, extensive rice fields and high concentration of tribal communities, is an agrobiodiversity as well as a poverty hotspot for the tribal communities like Paniya, Adiyaand Kattunaikka. The district is a site rich in biodiversity as evidenced by over 2100 flowering plants with 52 Red Data Species and 650 endemic plant species of Western Ghats. It is one of the 150 economically most backward districts of India with a total of 173529 BPL card holders. The tribal communities constitute 17.43% of the total population of the district, which is the highest share of Adivasi population (about 36%) of Kerala.

Koraput district of Odisha

Koraput district is one of the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage sites (GIAHs) identified by FAO for maintaining unique tribal traditional agricultural practices, conservation and utilization of inherited traditional knowledge for local food security vis-à-vis cultural diversity . Approximately 62 tribal communities are inhabitants of this region constituting 50.6% of the total population of district. Each tribe possesses its distinct identity in terms of social organization, culture, and language. The dominant tribes of the district are Bhumia, Gadaba, Khond,and Paroja who are traditionally ingenious rice cultivators. The region is one of the centers of origin and genetic diversity of Asian cultivated rice.

Kolli Hills of Tamil Nadu

Kolli hills are a hill range covering an area of 280 constituting the southern- most edge of the Eastern Ghats of India. The hillock situated in Namakkal district of Tamil Nadu is about 1300 m from msl and inhabited by a single tribal community known as the Malayali. The word Malayali means people inhabiting hillocks. They are predominantly agriculturists, engaged in cultivation of a variety of food crops like cereals, millets, pulses, oil seeds, fruits and vegetables. The Malayali community practices two types of agriculture- one that is irrigated mainly through natural springs and the other is rain-fed agriculture.