Mainstreaming Biodiversity for climate resilience and sustainable development

Issues in mainstreaming biodiversity for sustainable agricultural development and climate resilience

Issues in mainstreaming biodiversity for sustainable agricultural development and climate resilience

How to ensure the conservation, sustainable use and equitable sharing of benefits pertaining to biodiversity is a major concern in developing sustainable agricultural practices. Operationalisation of the methods and procedures for India’s two legislations, the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act 2001 and the Biodiversity Act 2002, in partnership with the custodian communities and farmers have still not been properly communicated and/or being followed in all the states of India. This demands the need for demonstrations in following four areas:

  •  Development of an ‘Integrated Gene Management Strategy’, consisting of in-situ, ex-situ and community conservation methods
  • Revitalisation of community conservation traditions through field gene bank, seed bank and grain bank and market (conservation – cultivation – consumption – commerce chain)
  • Conservation and cultivation through participatory breeding and linkage with markets
  • Enlarging the food security basket by including underutilized crops like millets, tubers, grain legumes and leafy vegetables in the diet

The discussion in this session kept these points in mind and discussed the research and capacity building measures needed to mainstream biodiversity in agriculture, fisheries, forestry and allied sectors in the context of the two national legislations. MSSRF’s experience from its centres at Kalpetta, Kolli hills, and Koraput were shared with reference to the following components:

  • Development of methodologies for reward and recognition of the contributions of tribal and rural families to conservation and enhancement of genetic resources
  • Conservation through Community Seed Bank and Herbarium
  • Organization of training programmes for Custodian Farmers, and NGOs in the implementation of Farmers’ Rights
  • Partnership with Panchayati Raj Institutions to equip them to implement the provisions of the Biodiversity Act relating to prior informed consent and benefit-sharing. The role of biodiversity in management of natural calamities like drought, flood, cyclone, and tsunami, will also get attention.
  • The conservation – cultivation – consumption – commerce continuum

Mainstreaming Biodiversity for climate resilience and sustainable development

Dr Bruce Alberts Chair, Science and Education, University of California

Dr. Bruce Alberts

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Dr K V Prabhu Chairperson

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Dr ED Israel Oliver King

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Dr Renu Swarup

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Dr. Rasha Omar

Session 1

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Dr N K Krishnakumar,

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Dr. Anindya Chatterjee,

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Dr Thingnganing Longvah,

Session 2

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Dr. P. Balakrishna

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Dr Sarada Krishnan

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Dr Sudhir Kochhar