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Research Publication

  • Characterisitcs, current relevance and rentention of traditional knowledge in agriculture

    Modern technological interventions have increased food production and created both negative and positive impact, especially on natural resources and their management. They are input intensive and have inevitably altered the ecological services of agro ecosystem. It has been reported that 60 per cent of ecosystem services are now degraded, contributing to a reversal in productivity gains (MA, 2005) that increases the vulnerability of farmers and farming systems. Studies indicate that scientific...

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  • Ecological stability of genetic diversity among landraces of little millet (Panicum sumatrense) in south India

    Risk-prone agriculture by resource-poor tribal farmers in Kolli hills, south India is slowly giving way to commercial exploitation for paltry compensation thus eroding genetic diversity of millets. Cultivation and conservation of millets, particularly, little millet (Panicum sumartrense Roth ex Roem. et Schult.), called samai in the local language, Tamil are on the wane. Whether irregular and sparse cultivation of little millet by tribals has an impact on the current level of genetic divergence...

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  • Institutionalizing Traditional Seed Exchange Networks through Community Seed Banks in Kollihills, India

    Most small and marginal farmers are self sufficient in seeds of preferred cultivars and resort to seed exchange with neighboring farmers only following a drought or other emergencies. This 'self-contained' traditional seed system serves as backup source of seed for the region or community.

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  • Folk Biological Classification of Minor Millet Species in Kolli Hills, India

    The paper attempts to present the classification of inter and intra specific minor by Malayali tribal farmers residing in Kolli Hills, Namakkal district, Tamil Nadu, India. The different species are Panicum sumatrense Roth ex Roem....

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  • Promoting neglected and underutilized species to boost nutrition in LMICs

    Historically, agricultural projects have been largely unsuccessful in improving the rural food environment by increasing access to and utilization of foods (Burchi et al., 2011). Agricultural projects targeting food availability and consumption have primarily focused on increasing the yields of a select few energy-rich commodity crops and raising income from the sale of these crops to improve food and nutrition outcomes. This has resulted in several crops being over-researched and over-...

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  • Hunger and poverty: the role of biodiversity

    An international consultation on the role of plant biodiversity in achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of Reducing Hunger and Poverty was held at the M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) in Chennai, India, on April 18 and 19, 2005. The consultation was organized jointly by the MSSRF, the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) and the Global Facilitation Unit for Underutilized Species (GFU). More than 100 policymakers, planners, agricultural...

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  • Community agrobiodiversity management: an effective tool for sustainable food and agricultural production from SEPLS

    Different strategies that go beyond a conservationist approach are required for the management of SEPLS and their agrobiodiversity. It is necessary to actively integrate agrobiodiversity into the overall issue of sustainable development, giving equal consideration to the three dimensions of it – economic, ecological and social sustainability. The “4C” approach of the M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation has been an effective tool for conservation through sustainable management of production...

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  • Novelties in the family Acanthaceae from South Western Ghats, India

    Within the context of the floristic study of the family Acanthaceae from south Western Ghats, one new species, Strobilanthes philipmathewiana J.Mathew Yohannan is described. In addition, a new combination, Hygrophila auriculata (K.Schum.) Heine var. alba (Parmar) P.M.Salim, J.Mathew Yohannan, and substantiate the occurrence of Asystasia variabilis (Nees) Trimen in India are made here. Their taxonomic description, morphological differences to their allied taxa and colour photographs are...

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  • Study on distribution, propagation, phytochemical and antimicrobial screening of an endemic liana beaumontia jerdoniana wight

    This study investigated in levels both the field and laboratory during the period of 2006 to 2014. Detailed distribution, phenology, taxonomy and propagules of the plant collected from natural population and further research carried out from the plants growing in RET plant conservatory of M.S. Swaminathan Botanic Garden. The screening of phytochemical constituents, proximate analysis, antioxidant, antimicrobial properties of methanolic leaf extracts of Beaumontia jerdoniana Wight were done and...

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  • Comparison of antidiabetic potential of (+) and (-)-hopeaphenol, a pair of enantiomers isolated from Ampelocissus indica (L.) and Vateria indica Linn., with respect to inhibition of digestive enzymes and induction of glucose uptake in L6 myotubes

    The remarkable a-glucosidase inhibition exhibited by the acetone extract of the rhizome of Ampelocissus indica (L.) and stem bark of Vateria indica Linn. (IC50 23.2 and 1.47 mg mL1) encouraged us to isolate the phytochemicals from these plants. (+) and ()-hopeaphenol (1) and (2) were isolated from A. indica (L.) and V. indica Linn. respectively. Compounds 1 and 2 displayed IC50 values of 21.21 0.987 and 9.47 0.967 mM in an a-glucosidase inhibitory assay. The effect of glucose uptake performed...

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