Promoting neglected and underutilized species to boost nutrition in LMICs
Historically, agricultural projects have been largely unsuccessful in improving the rural food environment by increasing access to and utilization of foods (Burchi et al., 2011). Agricultural projects targeting food availability and consumption have primarily focused on increasing the yields of a select few energy-rich commodity crops and raising income from the sale of these crops to improve food and nutrition outcomes. This has resulted in several crops being over-researched and over-...
An international consultation on the role of plant biodiversity in achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of Reducing Hunger and Poverty was held at the M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) in Chennai, India, on April 18 and 19, 2005. The consultation was organized jointly by the MSSRF, the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) and the Global Facilitation Unit for Underutilized Species (GFU). More than 100 policymakers, planners, agricultural...
Measures to Mitigate Agrarian Distress in Idukki District of Kerala
Idukki means a gorge, suggesting the steep hills and mountains and deep gorges common in the district. The Periyar flows through a narrow gorge formed by two legendary granite hills called 'Kuravan' and 'Kurathi'. About 97% of the total area of the District is covered by rugged mountains, undulating hills, valleys and forests. There are 11 peaks in Idukki, which exceed 6000ft in height and Anamudi, the highest peak of Kerala (8,842 ft), is one among the enchanting scenic views offered by the...
ROLE OF AGROFORESTRY IN STRENGTHENING ADAPTIVE CAPACITY AND IMPROVING LIVELIHOODS OF MALAYALI TRIBES IN THE EASTERN GHATS
Climate change is possibly the greatest global environmental threat the world is facing today. It is likely to much more drastically affect the economy, infrastructure, natural resources and local livelihoods in the developing countries (Francois, 2008). Increasing extreme climatic events will affect human health, food
production, water supply, biodiversity and natural ecosystem. In this context, the poorest and most vulnerable tribal populations will be most affected. Sustainable development...
The vanishing aborigines of the Andaman and Nicobar islands
The Andaman and Nicobar islands have been the home of 14 aboriginal tribes: 12 tribes of negritto origin, being the early inhabitants of the Andaman islands and 2 mongoloid tribes, viz. the Nico-barese and Shompens inhabiting the Nicobars. It is widely accepted by anthropologists and historians that the negrotto aborigines represent one of the primitive stocks of Homo sapiens that migrated on to these islands during prehistory.
Millets and Markets Need for networking and integration
Minor millets, a group of small-grained grass cereals, are of importance as food and fodder in the semiarid
regions of the world. In India, minor millets have traditionally been cultivated in the drylands,
predominantly by poor and marginal farmers and in many cases by tribal communities, but the area under their cultivation is decreasing. Growing interest to revive millet cultivation in this country is driven by nutrition, health and resilience considerations.These cereals grow well in...
India lays the cornerstone of biodiversity access and benefit sharing system
The very first Internationally Recognized Certificate of Compliance (IRCC) has been issued by India on
1 October 2015, which is a major step towards making the Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit sharing
operational. According to the Nagoya Protocol under Convention on Biological Diversity, all parties must
recognize the biodiversity access permits with an IRCC as evidence of acquisition in accordance with applicable domestic law and rules. By this action, India had taken a giant leap and had...
Speciality rice biodiversity of Kerala: need for incentivising conservation in the era of changing climate
Genetic diversity is integral to food security and sustainable agriculture. The erosion in genetic diversity across the globe raises serious threats to food security and our capacity to adapt to climate change. This article discusses the status of genetic diversities of rice varieties in Kerala, and the contributing factors for the genetic diversity. The rich genetic diversity of rice in Kerala offers scope to adapt to multiple agroecologies, provides resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses,...
QUANTITATIVE GENETICS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF MENDELIAN AND MOLECULAR BREEDING
Quantitative trait (QT) is a terr. ~ of central importance in the fields of biology and agriculture. As the term indicate~, QT refers to characters that can be measured on a quantitative scale. This is, however, a textual definition but we also need a scientific one. Such a definition would necessarily be with reference to the field or activity in which QT is to be employed. Therefore we restrict our attention to
agriculture, and more specifically to crop breeding and improvement.