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Research Publication

  • Hunger and poverty: the role of biodiversity

    An international consultation on the role of plant biodiversity in achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of Reducing Hunger and Poverty was held at the M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) in Chennai, India, on April 18 and 19, 2005. The consultation was organized jointly by the MSSRF, the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) and the Global Facilitation Unit for Underutilized Species (GFU). More than 100 policymakers, planners, agricultural...

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  • India lays the cornerstone of biodiversity access and benefit sharing system

    The very first Internationally Recognized Certificate of Compliance (IRCC) has been issued by India on 1 October 2015, which is a major step towards making the Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit sharing operational. According to the Nagoya Protocol under Convention on Biological Diversity, all parties must recognize the biodiversity access permits with an IRCC as evidence of acquisition in accordance with applicable domestic law and rules. By this action, India had taken a giant leap and had...

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  • Speciality rice biodiversity of Kerala: need for incentivising conservation in the era of changing climate

    Genetic diversity is integral to food security and sustainable agriculture. The erosion in genetic diversity across the globe raises serious threats to food security and our capacity to adapt to climate change. This article discusses the status of genetic diversities of rice varieties in Kerala, and the contributing factors for the genetic diversity. The rich genetic diversity of rice in Kerala offers scope to adapt to multiple agroecologies, provides resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses,...

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  • QUANTITATIVE GENETICS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF MENDELIAN AND MOLECULAR BREEDING

    Quantitative trait (QT) is a terr. ~ of central importance in the fields of biology and agriculture. As the term indicate~, QT refers to characters that can be measured on a quantitative scale. This is, however, a textual definition but we also need a scientific one. Such a definition would necessarily be with reference to the field or activity in which QT is to be employed. Therefore we restrict our attention to agriculture, and more specifically to crop breeding and improvement.

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  • Research brief: Value chain and market potential of minor millets to strengthen climate resilience, nutrition security and incomes in India

    Kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum) and kutki millet (Panicum sumatrense), also called little millet, are small-seeded cereals and among the oldest cultivated crops in South Asia. These cereals have the ability to grow on dry and marginal lands and at the same time produce grains superior in many nutrients to paddy and wheat. Despite kodo and kutki millets’ many valuable properties, their cultivation, consumption and marketing remains underdeveloped compared to other cereals in India. There...

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  • The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme: A Policy Solution to Rural Poverty in India?

    The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) was developed by the Indian government to reduce rural poverty through 100 days of guaranteed employment per year. Using focus group methods, we explore whether this scheme has provided rights’ based social protection through guaranteed employment for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and women in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Odisha. We found that the xperiences of participating in MGNREGA varied depending on how MGNREGA wages...

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  • Measures to Mitigate Agrarian Distress in Alappuzha and Kuttanad Wetland Ecosystem

    The geographical location of mandated study region is broadly shown in the Kerala map. The mandated study area includes the whole of Alappuzha, with 73 panchayats, including the panchayats falling under the Kuttanad Wetland System (KWS), and remaining part of the KWS spread over the districts of Kottayam and Pathanamthitta. Nearly 57 % of the KWS is shared by Alappuzha district, 30 % by the Kottayam district and remaining 13 % by the Pathanamthitta district. Administratively Alappuzha district...

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  • Community agrobiodiversity management: an effective tool for sustainable food and agricultural production from SEPLS

    Different strategies that go beyond a conservationist approach are required for the management of SEPLS and their agrobiodiversity. It is necessary to actively integrate agrobiodiversity into the overall issue of sustainable development, giving equal consideration to the three dimensions of it – economic, ecological and social sustainability. The “4C” approach of the M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation has been an effective tool for conservation through sustainable management of production...

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  • Novelties in the family Acanthaceae from South Western Ghats, India

    Within the context of the floristic study of the family Acanthaceae from south Western Ghats, one new species, Strobilanthes philipmathewiana J.Mathew Yohannan is described. In addition, a new combination, Hygrophila auriculata (K.Schum.) Heine var. alba (Parmar) P.M.Salim, J.Mathew Yohannan, and substantiate the occurrence of Asystasia variabilis (Nees) Trimen in India are made here. Their taxonomic description, morphological differences to their allied taxa and colour photographs are...

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  • Study on distribution, propagation, phytochemical and antimicrobial screening of an endemic liana beaumontia jerdoniana wight

    This study investigated in levels both the field and laboratory during the period of 2006 to 2014. Detailed distribution, phenology, taxonomy and propagules of the plant collected from natural population and further research carried out from the plants growing in RET plant conservatory of M.S. Swaminathan Botanic Garden. The screening of phytochemical constituents, proximate analysis, antioxidant, antimicrobial properties of methanolic leaf extracts of Beaumontia jerdoniana Wight were done and...

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