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Research Publication

  • Institutionalizing Traditional Seed Exchange Networks through Community Seed Banks in Kollihills, India

    Most small and marginal farmers are self sufficient in seeds of preferred cultivars and resort to seed exchange with neighboring farmers only following a drought or other emergencies. This 'self-contained' traditional seed system serves as backup source of seed for the region or community.

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  • Folk Biological Classification of Minor Millet Species in Kolli Hills, India

    The paper attempts to present the classification of inter and intra specific minor by Malayali tribal farmers residing in Kolli Hills, Namakkal district, Tamil Nadu, India. The different species are Panicum sumatrense Roth ex Roem....

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  • Promoting neglected and underutilized species to boost nutrition in LMICs

    Historically, agricultural projects have been largely unsuccessful in improving the rural food environment by increasing access to and utilization of foods (Burchi et al., 2011). Agricultural projects targeting food availability and consumption have primarily focused on increasing the yields of a select few energy-rich commodity crops and raising income from the sale of these crops to improve food and nutrition outcomes. This has resulted in several crops being over-researched and over-...

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  • Hunger and poverty: the role of biodiversity

    An international consultation on the role of plant biodiversity in achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of Reducing Hunger and Poverty was held at the M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) in Chennai, India, on April 18 and 19, 2005. The consultation was organized jointly by the MSSRF, the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) and the Global Facilitation Unit for Underutilized Species (GFU). More than 100 policymakers, planners, agricultural...

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  • Enhancing crop diversity leads to farm resilience

    Monocropping of cash crops for generating incomes has displaced mixed farming systems and associated local crop diversity, negatively impacting on food security and climate resilience. Initiatives to produce improved varieties through participatory varietal selection, intercropping trials with pulses and millets and promoting local millet seed production through community seed banks have made farming more resilient and remunerative.

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  • Impacts of Home Gardening in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots among Small and Marginal Farm Households

    Dietary diversity and consequent nutritional security are vital for a healthy life. Changes in socioeconomic conditions and commercialisation of agriculture have led long lasting changes in the land use pattern and gradual decline of home gardens in Kerala. Present paper illustrates the strategies adopted to revive home gardening in Wayanad district of Kerala. With the support of quantitative and qualitative data, this paper analyses the impacts of home gardening on small and marginal farm...

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  • Rice can be a Medicine! if we conserve them..!!

    At present the cultivation of traditional rice varieties is restricted in tribal hamlets and among the farmers who value the importance of these genetic resources. To encourage in-situ conservation of existing land races, the State needs to pitch in with favourable policy environment aimed at incentivising conservation, protection of their rights over resources, and provide infrastructure and market support.

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  • A policy analysis to promote conservation and use of small millet underutilized species in India

    Despite the important role of Neglected and Underutilized Species (NUS) in diversifying agriculture, supporting traditional farming systems and improving food and nutritional security particularly in marginal lands, very little attention is being paid to their mainstreaming in national policies and institutions. Based on a detailed review of the regulatory frameworks governing the conservation, sustainable use and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of plant genetic resources and the...

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  • “Reviving and Strengthening Women’s Position and Agency in ensuring household food security – Role of Home Gardens”

    Home gardens are unique agricultural spaces and one of the oldest production systems; however, they are highly neglected in agricultural development programs. Women’s role, level of participation and responsibilities in home garden management varies across societies. In most cases women play a predominant role (Seeth et al. 1998 ; Talukder et al. 2000 ), whereas in others they perform a supportive role (Hoogerbrugge and Fresco 1993 ); this depends upon the purpose of managing the garden and...

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  • Measures to Mitigate Agrarian Distress in Idukki District of Kerala

    Idukki means a gorge, suggesting the steep hills and mountains and deep gorges common in the district. The Periyar flows through a narrow gorge formed by two legendary granite hills called 'Kuravan' and 'Kurathi'. About 97% of the total area of the District is covered by rugged mountains, undulating hills, valleys and forests. There are 11 peaks in Idukki, which exceed 6000ft in height and Anamudi, the highest peak of Kerala (8,842 ft), is one among the enchanting scenic views offered by the...

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