You are here

Research Publication

  • Development of a master plan and a fund-raising plan for the M.S. Swaminathan Botanical Garden in Wayanad, India

    The M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) established the Community Agrobiodiversity Centre (CAbC) in Wayanad, India in 1997 with the purpose of starting a community center for conserving and utilizing agrobiodiversity to achieve food, nutrition, health, and livelihood security of the local forest-dependent and small holder farm families. In 2010, the Center expanded its area to about 20 ha primarily to conserve important plant diversity in ex situ collections which included agricultural...

    Read more


  • Creating an economic stake for conserving the diversity of small millets in the Kolli Hills, India”.

    The general trend in agriculture, particularly concerning grain and cash crops, is an increasing shift towards monoculture, with the focus on a few, high-yielding varieties and hybrids. Thus, agriculture is becoming dependent on just a handful of cereal crops for meeting the demands of the food supply, resulting in a diminishing genetic diversity both on the farm and in dietary habits. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, three crops – maize, wheat and rice...

    Read more


  • Making on-farm conservation a self-sustainable practice: An Indian perspective

    On-farm conservation of useful crops and varieties is very important as these crops and their cropping systems play a vital role in fulfilling the food, nutritional and other requirements of those living in marginal environments. In the face of changing climatic conditions, these crops and varieties, and their associated traditional knowledge, could play a vital role in enhancing resilience among rural communities and enabling them to adapt to climate change (Bhag Mal, Padulosi and Bala Ravi,...

    Read more


  • Documentation and monitoring of agro-biodiversity and indigenous knowledge on-farm – Experiences from India

    Tribal and rural communities have contributed to conservation of nature and natural resources (Swaminathan, 2000). The traditional knowledge associated with agro-biodiversity resources is important in on-farm conservation. There is rapid erosion of agro-biodiversity evident across the world, particularly in the case of neglected and underutilized crops (NUS) (King, Nambi and Nagarajan, 2009). Nutri-millets like Little millet, Italian millet, Finger millet, Kodo millet and Common Millet are...

    Read more


  • Analysis of phytochemical contents and antibacterial activity of an endangered tree (Cynometra travancorica Bedd.) of Western Ghats, India

    Antibacterial activity of cold water and ethanolic crude extracts of leaves of Cynometra travancorica Bedd. was evaluated against Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter aerogenes) and Gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans and Bacillus subtilis). Staphylococcus aureus was the most sensitive strain of those tested with both the cold water and ethanolic...

    Read more


  • Strengthening Resilience in Post-disaster Situations

    Pictorial representation of the village with most accurate details in terms of location, distance and elevation can be obtained, instead of viewing spread sheet data and a rough village map, when spatial technologies are used. This will help in decision-making process of the community for the development of both natural and human resource by considering spatial entities.

    Read more


  • Farmers’ rights, their scope and legal protection in India

    Today, we understand and appreciate the importance of plant genetic resources (PGR) as forming the building blocks for continuous crop improvement. Farmers may have little or no understanding of the scientific basis of genetic diversity, but they certainly understand its paramount importance to agriculture, and the need for promoting variability in agricultural practices. The autonomy that every farmer exercises in selecting, saving and maintaining seed for re-sowing has been fundamental for...

    Read more


  • Community resilience mechanism in an unexpected extreme weather event: An analysis of the Kerala floods of 2018, India

    Community actions have a significant role in disaster response. This study analyses the socio-demographic and satisfaction variables within community resilience in the context of the Kerala floods of 2018 and elucidates its gaps from the perspective of a developing country. The data from the self-administered questionnaire survey among the fishermen who were prominent amongst the first responders during this flood were analyzed using SPSS. Global literature was also reviewed to examine the...

    Read more


  • Supply-side measures improving food environments

    Historically, agricultural projects have been largely unsuccessful in improving the rural food environment by increasing access to and utilization of foods (Burchi et al., 2011). Agricultural projects targeting food availability and consumption have primarily focused on increasing the yields of a select few energy-rich commodity crops and raising income from the sale of these crops to improve food and nutrition outcomes. This has resulted in several crops being over-researched and over-produced...

    Read more


  • Promoting Local Health Traditions and Health Foods for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity

    The severity of the impact of COVID-19 on human health security is huge and expected to continue for a few more years in many parts of the world. A major reason for emergence of new viruses and diseases is destruction of forests and loss of biodiversity. This paper examines the criticality of Local Health Traditions (LHTs) and environmental health to boost immunity and conservation of biodiversity. The need for revitalization of the age-old healthcare practices and homestead-level conservation...

    Read more