You are here

Research Publication

  • Characterisitcs, current relevance and rentention of traditional knowledge in agriculture

    Modern technological interventions have increased food production and created both negative and positive impact, especially on natural resources and their management. They are input intensive and have inevitably altered the ecological services of agro ecosystem. It has been reported that 60 per cent of ecosystem services are now degraded, contributing to a reversal in productivity gains (MA, 2005) that increases the vulnerability of farmers and farming systems. Studies indicate that scientific...

    Read more


  • Ecological stability of genetic diversity among landraces of little millet (Panicum sumatrense) in south India

    Risk-prone agriculture by resource-poor tribal farmers in Kolli hills, south India is slowly giving way to commercial exploitation for paltry compensation thus eroding genetic diversity of millets. Cultivation and conservation of millets, particularly, little millet (Panicum sumartrense Roth ex Roem. et Schult.), called samai in the local language, Tamil are on the wane. Whether irregular and sparse cultivation of little millet by tribals has an impact on the current level of genetic divergence...

    Read more


  • Institutionalizing Traditional Seed Exchange Networks through Community Seed Banks in Kollihills, India

    Most small and marginal farmers are self sufficient in seeds of preferred cultivars and resort to seed exchange with neighboring farmers only following a drought or other emergencies. This 'self-contained' traditional seed system serves as backup source of seed for the region or community.

    Read more


  • Folk Biological Classification of Minor Millet Species in Kolli Hills, India

    The paper attempts to present the classification of inter and intra specific minor by Malayali tribal farmers residing in Kolli Hills, Namakkal district, Tamil Nadu, India. The different species are Panicum sumatrense Roth ex Roem....

    Read more


  • Promoting neglected and underutilized species to boost nutrition in LMICs

    Historically, agricultural projects have been largely unsuccessful in improving the rural food environment by increasing access to and utilization of foods (Burchi et al., 2011). Agricultural projects targeting food availability and consumption have primarily focused on increasing the yields of a select few energy-rich commodity crops and raising income from the sale of these crops to improve food and nutrition outcomes. This has resulted in several crops being over-researched and over-...

    Read more


  • Hunger and poverty: the role of biodiversity

    An international consultation on the role of plant biodiversity in achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of Reducing Hunger and Poverty was held at the M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) in Chennai, India, on April 18 and 19, 2005. The consultation was organized jointly by the MSSRF, the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) and the Global Facilitation Unit for Underutilized Species (GFU). More than 100 policymakers, planners, agricultural...

    Read more


  • “Reviving and Strengthening Women’s Position and Agency in ensuring household food security – Role of Home Gardens”

    Home gardens are unique agricultural spaces and one of the oldest production systems; however, they are highly neglected in agricultural development programs. Women’s role, level of participation and responsibilities in home garden management varies across societies. In most cases women play a predominant role (Seeth et al. 1998 ; Talukder et al. 2000 ), whereas in others they perform a supportive role (Hoogerbrugge and Fresco 1993 ); this depends upon the purpose of managing the garden and...

    Read more


  • Measures to Mitigate Agrarian Distress in Idukki District of Kerala

    Idukki means a gorge, suggesting the steep hills and mountains and deep gorges common in the district. The Periyar flows through a narrow gorge formed by two legendary granite hills called 'Kuravan' and 'Kurathi'. About 97% of the total area of the District is covered by rugged mountains, undulating hills, valleys and forests. There are 11 peaks in Idukki, which exceed 6000ft in height and Anamudi, the highest peak of Kerala (8,842 ft), is one among the enchanting scenic views offered by the...

    Read more


  • Agricultural biodiversity and women's empowerment: a successful story from Kolli Hills, India

    Read more


  • ROLE OF AGROFORESTRY IN STRENGTHENING ADAPTIVE CAPACITY AND IMPROVING LIVELIHOODS OF MALAYALI TRIBES IN THE EASTERN GHATS

    Climate change is possibly the greatest global environmental threat the world is facing today. It is likely to much more drastically affect the economy, infrastructure, natural resources and local livelihoods in the developing countries (Francois, 2008). Increasing extreme climatic events will affect human health, food production, water supply, biodiversity and natural ecosystem. In this context, the poorest and most vulnerable tribal populations will be most affected. Sustainable development...

    Read more