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Research Publication

  • The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme: A Policy Solution to Rural Poverty in India?

    The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) was developed by the Indian government to reduce rural poverty through 100 days of guaranteed employment per year. Using focus group methods, we explore whether this scheme has provided rights’ based social protection through guaranteed employment for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and women in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Odisha. We found that the xperiences of participating in MGNREGA varied depending on how MGNREGA wages...

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  • Community agrobiodiversity management: an effective tool for sustainable food and agricultural production from SEPLS

    Different strategies that go beyond a conservationist approach are required for the management of SEPLS and their agrobiodiversity. It is necessary to actively integrate agrobiodiversity into the overall issue of sustainable development, giving equal consideration to the three dimensions of it – economic, ecological and social sustainability. The “4C” approach of the M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation has been an effective tool for conservation through sustainable management of production...

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  • Novelties in the family Acanthaceae from South Western Ghats, India

    Within the context of the floristic study of the family Acanthaceae from south Western Ghats, one new species, Strobilanthes philipmathewiana J.Mathew Yohannan is described. In addition, a new combination, Hygrophila auriculata (K.Schum.) Heine var. alba (Parmar) P.M.Salim, J.Mathew Yohannan, and substantiate the occurrence of Asystasia variabilis (Nees) Trimen in India are made here. Their taxonomic description, morphological differences to their allied taxa and colour photographs are...

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  • Study on distribution, propagation, phytochemical and antimicrobial screening of an endemic liana beaumontia jerdoniana wight

    This study investigated in levels both the field and laboratory during the period of 2006 to 2014. Detailed distribution, phenology, taxonomy and propagules of the plant collected from natural population and further research carried out from the plants growing in RET plant conservatory of M.S. Swaminathan Botanic Garden. The screening of phytochemical constituents, proximate analysis, antioxidant, antimicrobial properties of methanolic leaf extracts of Beaumontia jerdoniana Wight were done and...

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  • Comparison of antidiabetic potential of (+) and (-)-hopeaphenol, a pair of enantiomers isolated from Ampelocissus indica (L.) and Vateria indica Linn., with respect to inhibition of digestive enzymes and induction of glucose uptake in L6 myotubes

    The remarkable a-glucosidase inhibition exhibited by the acetone extract of the rhizome of Ampelocissus indica (L.) and stem bark of Vateria indica Linn. (IC50 23.2 and 1.47 mg mL1) encouraged us to isolate the phytochemicals from these plants. (+) and ()-hopeaphenol (1) and (2) were isolated from A. indica (L.) and V. indica Linn. respectively. Compounds 1 and 2 displayed IC50 values of 21.21 0.987 and 9.47 0.967 mM in an a-glucosidase inhibitory assay. The effect of glucose uptake performed...

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  • Enhancing crop diversity leads to farm resilience

    Monocropping of cash crops for generating incomes has displaced mixed farming systems and associated local crop diversity, negatively impacting on food security and climate resilience. Initiatives to produce improved varieties through participatory varietal selection, intercropping trials with pulses and millets and promoting local millet seed production through community seed banks have made farming more resilient and remunerative.

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  • Impacts of Home Gardening in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots among Small and Marginal Farm Households

    Dietary diversity and consequent nutritional security are vital for a healthy life. Changes in socioeconomic conditions and commercialisation of agriculture have led long lasting changes in the land use pattern and gradual decline of home gardens in Kerala. Present paper illustrates the strategies adopted to revive home gardening in Wayanad district of Kerala. With the support of quantitative and qualitative data, this paper analyses the impacts of home gardening on small and marginal farm...

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  • Rice can be a Medicine! if we conserve them..!!

    At present the cultivation of traditional rice varieties is restricted in tribal hamlets and among the farmers who value the importance of these genetic resources. To encourage in-situ conservation of existing land races, the State needs to pitch in with favourable policy environment aimed at incentivising conservation, protection of their rights over resources, and provide infrastructure and market support.

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  • A policy analysis to promote conservation and use of small millet underutilized species in India

    Despite the important role of Neglected and Underutilized Species (NUS) in diversifying agriculture, supporting traditional farming systems and improving food and nutritional security particularly in marginal lands, very little attention is being paid to their mainstreaming in national policies and institutions. Based on a detailed review of the regulatory frameworks governing the conservation, sustainable use and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of plant genetic resources and the...

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  • “Reviving and Strengthening Women’s Position and Agency in ensuring household food security – Role of Home Gardens”

    Home gardens are unique agricultural spaces and one of the oldest production systems; however, they are highly neglected in agricultural development programs. Women’s role, level of participation and responsibilities in home garden management varies across societies. In most cases women play a predominant role (Seeth et al. 1998 ; Talukder et al. 2000 ), whereas in others they perform a supportive role (Hoogerbrugge and Fresco 1993 ); this depends upon the purpose of managing the garden and...

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