The Value of Rural Women’s Labour in Production and Wood Fuel Use - A Framework for Analysis
How do gender-related factors influence cooking fuel use? Why does an LPG capital subsidy lead to fuel
stacking rather than fuel switching? The insights gained from authors’ research are supplemented by case
studies, specifically aimed at exploring the connections between women’s labour time and fuel use. Using these observations and case studies, an analytical framework is developed, which yields propositions that can be tested empirically, such as the high value of women’s labour in...
Energy Use and Women’s Work in Agriculture - Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Changes in women’s use of energy in agriculture, in the spheres of crop production and social reproduction, can bring about a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. Two technological changes—the shift from household
cooking with carbon-emitting solid biomass fuels to liquified petroleum gas as a clean cooking fuel; and the
shift from methane-emitting flooded rice cultivation to the System of Rice Intensification with electricity-based alternate wetting and drying—have been considered in this...
Making Climate Information Communication Gender Sensitive - Lessons from Tamil Nadu
Increasing variability in weather and climate is a major production risk for farming, especially among
smallholders and, in particular, women farmers. Advances in forecast development at finer spatial and
time scales as well as communication modes offer greater scope to reduce such risks in farming. The
practical experiences in understanding farmers’ perspectives on local weather and climate, and on
communicating climate information and advisories with gender sensitivity are shared. The...
Harmonizing Traditional and Scientific Knowledge Systems in Rainfall Prediction and Utilization
Historically, and still today in India, farmers have used traditional knowledge to understand weather and climate patterns in order to make decisions about crop and irrigation cycles. This knowledge is adapted to local conditions and needs and has been gained through many decades of experience passed on from previous generations. However, in recent years, farmers have perceived that the variation in rainfall is becoming increasingly erratic and difficult to predict. This has reduced their...
Political Economy of Energy Policy in India: Electricity and LPG
Clean energy is key to good quality life, effective production, productivity enhancement and innovation. India has abundant coal and renewable energy, matured technology and institutions for meeting the clean energy needs of lighting, cooking and other utilitarian and productive requirements. Over the years, the country’s energy consumption has become highly skewed towards fossil fuels. In addition to high-grade coal for steel and
power production, India’s oil and natural gas needs are mostly...
The Political Economy of Energy Policy in South Africa: From a Gender Agenda to a Class Project
The paper begins with a profile of the energy sector, highlighting both the supply as well as demand sides, and focusing on the post-apartheid period. This is followed by a brief analysis of the development of the energy policy, including the main actors in its formulation. The next section looks at the four phases in the development of the energy policy from 1994 to the present. Following this is a brief discussion of how the South African energy policy is influenced by international factors...
Universal access to clean cooking energy and the need for an inclusive policy: evidence from analysis of cooking fuel use in Odisha and Tamil Nadu
This paper briefly maps the existing policies on clean cooking fuel and examines the achievements
to increase the coverage of clean energy for cooking in India and emphasizes the need to go
beyond the ‘price’ and ‘income’ criteria in targeting universal access to clean fuel for cooking. By undertaking a comparative analysis of cooking fuel use patterns across two states, differentiated in terms of key economic parameters, this paper highlights policies that aimed at clean fuel switching in...
Pulse Panchayat - Achieving self sufficiency in pulse production
Pulse panchayat is an integrated approach in establishing a sustainable production, value addition and marketing system. The initiative implemented by a Farmer Producer Company in Tamil Nadu, is moving towards achieving self sufficiency in pulse production.