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Research Publication

  • Sustainable homestead gardens and resilience: Case study of Milandhoo island of Shaviyani atoll, The Maldives

    Home gardens generally cover small areas near to home but have wider diversity of crop species which are crucial to brining resilence in vulnerable regions by reducing the risks. Apart from this, management of home gardens helps to increase food availability and better nutrition through food diversity, income and rural employment and environmental benefits of recycling water and wastes and provide shade and alter the microclimate around the house. Ingeneral home garden is defined as "a small...

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  • The role of Bioeconomy in a changing world: Fostering partnerships for a better future

    The world is suffering from serious societal, economic and environmental challenges including climate change, resource scarcity, demographic changes, food, energy and water insecurity and migration. We need a paradigm shift in the way we use our resources optimally in the future, and the way we address these challenges. Bioeconomy is one such approach that could provide a sustainable way to go ahead. Bioeconomy comprises those parts of the economy that use renewable biological resources from...

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  • Gendered adaptation to climate change in canal irrigated agro-ecosystems

    Agriculture in India is the major source of livelihood to 70 percent of the rural population, but its contribution to the Gross Domestic Product is only 14 percent. Indian agriculture is characterized largely by small holdings. According to the Agricultural Census (Ministry of Agriculture, 2010-11), nearly 85 percent of the farmers are smallholders (below 2 ha) operating 45 percent of the total cultivated area. Overall, women play an important role in agriculture in India and particularly on...

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  • Gender and policies in livestock production

    Paradigm shifts in the approach from "enhancing productivity" to "inclusiveness and equity" has let to change in the perspectives on livestock sector this can serve as a means to reduce poverty and promote development, only when it is implemented effectively on the ground.

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  • Building Urban Resilience - Assessing Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture in Chennai, India

    Food production in and around cities is an integral part of the urban fabric in much of the developing world. In these regions, urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA) plays an important role in diversifying urban diets and providing environmental services in urban and peri-urban areas. As Such, there is growing interest in UPA as a strategic component of urban resilience and climate change adaptation planning. However, advocacy for UPA in thid capacity is outpacing the body of evidence...

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  • How Do Fruit and Vegetable Markets Operate in Rural India? A Qualitative Study of the Impact of Supply and Demand on Nutrition Security

    Background: Diets in rural India are cereal based with low intakes of micronutrient-rich foods. The value chains for nutrition approach aims to study supply and demand of such foods. This may aid in development of interventions to improve diets and livelihoods. Objectives: (1) To identify how fruit and vegetables are accessed, (2) to describe and map the structure of value chains for exemplar foods, (3) to understand how foods are priced, and (4) to explore factors that affect decisions about...

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  • Barriers and Facilitators to Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Among Rural Indian Women of Reproductive Age

    Background: Micronutrient deficiencies have been a serious public health problem among women of reproductive age in low-and middle-income countries including India, adversely affecting maternal and child health and human capital outcomes. Fruit and vegetables are important sources of micronutrients, and consumption of these foods is less than recommendations. Objective: The objective of this study was to identify perceived barriers and facilitators to fruit and vegetable consumption among...

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  • Mobile based learning for sustainable livelihoods: gender and pedagogy in the Life Long Learning for Farmers programme in India

    Mobile phone, a modern communication tool, is becoming ubiquitous, plugging a large mass into a system of interactive communication. This results in people in lower socio-economic categories having independent access to information and a better communication network. Increasingly mobile phone has been used as a tool to deliver information to farmers, often without considering their learning mode and processes to convert the information into knowledge and then to practice. This paper intends to...

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  • Learning through social media: a Promethean gift?

    In the last two decades, social media has become a powerful communication tool, utilised by billions of people worldwide (We are Social and Hootsuite in Digital in 2017: Global Overview, 2017). Both its promise and potential negative impacts have been discussed widely in academia as well as in popular media. Studies show that social media has the potential to offer an alternative pedagogical approach in integrating formal and informal learning and can enhance self-regulated learning among...

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  • Making Climate Information Communication Gender Sensitive - Lessons from Tamil Nadu

    Increasing variability in weather and climate is a major production risk for farming, especially among smallholders and, in particular, women farmers. Advances in forecast development at finer spatial and time scales as well as communication modes offer greater scope to reduce such risks in farming. The practical experiences in understanding farmers’ perspectives on local weather and climate, and on communicating climate information and advisories with gender sensitivity are shared. The...

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