Building Urban Resilience - Assessing Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture in Chennai, India
Food production in and around cities is an integral part of the urban fabric in much of the developing world. In these regions, urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA) plays an important role in diversifying urban diets and providing environmental services in urban and peri-urban areas. As Such, there is growing interest in UPA as a strategic component of urban resilience and climate change adaptation planning. However, advocacy for UPA in thid capacity is outpacing the body of evidence...
Paradigm shifts in the approach from "enhancing productivity" to "inclusiveness and equity" has let to change in the perspectives on livestock sector this can serve as a means to reduce poverty and promote development, only when it is implemented effectively on the ground.
How Do Fruit and Vegetable Markets Operate in Rural India? A Qualitative Study of the Impact of Supply and Demand on Nutrition Security
Background: Diets in rural India are cereal based with low intakes of micronutrient-rich foods. The value chains for nutrition approach aims to study supply and demand of such foods. This may aid in development of interventions to improve diets and livelihoods.
Objectives: (1) To identify how fruit and vegetables are accessed, (2) to describe and map the structure of value chains for exemplar foods, (3) to understand how foods are priced, and (4) to explore factors that affect decisions about...
Barriers and Facilitators to Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Among Rural Indian Women of Reproductive Age
Background: Micronutrient deficiencies have been a serious public health problem among women of reproductive age in low-and middle-income countries including India, adversely affecting maternal and child health and human capital outcomes. Fruit and vegetables are important sources of micronutrients, and consumption of these foods is less than recommendations.
Objective: The objective of this study was to identify perceived barriers and facilitators to fruit and vegetable consumption among...
Mobile based learning for sustainable livelihoods: gender and pedagogy in the Life Long Learning for Farmers programme in India
Mobile phone, a modern communication tool, is becoming ubiquitous, plugging a large mass into a system of interactive communication. This results in people in lower socio-economic categories having independent access to information and a better communication network. Increasingly mobile phone has been used as a tool to deliver information to farmers, often without considering their learning mode and processes to convert the information into knowledge and then to practice. This paper intends to...
In the last two decades, social media has become a powerful communication tool, utilised by billions of people worldwide (We are Social and Hootsuite in Digital in 2017: Global Overview, 2017). Both its promise and potential negative impacts have been discussed widely in academia as well as in popular media. Studies show that social media has the potential to offer an alternative pedagogical approach in integrating formal and informal learning and can enhance self-regulated learning among...
The Value of Rural Women’s Labour in Production and Wood Fuel Use - A Framework for Analysis
How do gender-related factors influence cooking fuel use? Why does an LPG capital subsidy lead to fuel
stacking rather than fuel switching? The insights gained from authors’ research are supplemented by case
studies, specifically aimed at exploring the connections between women’s labour time and fuel use. Using these observations and case studies, an analytical framework is developed, which yields propositions that can be tested empirically, such as the high value of women’s labour in...
Energy Use and Women’s Work in Agriculture - Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Changes in women’s use of energy in agriculture, in the spheres of crop production and social reproduction, can bring about a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. Two technological changes—the shift from household
cooking with carbon-emitting solid biomass fuels to liquified petroleum gas as a clean cooking fuel; and the
shift from methane-emitting flooded rice cultivation to the System of Rice Intensification with electricity-based alternate wetting and drying—have been considered in this...
Making Climate Information Communication Gender Sensitive - Lessons from Tamil Nadu
Increasing variability in weather and climate is a major production risk for farming, especially among
smallholders and, in particular, women farmers. Advances in forecast development at finer spatial and
time scales as well as communication modes offer greater scope to reduce such risks in farming. The
practical experiences in understanding farmers’ perspectives on local weather and climate, and on
communicating climate information and advisories with gender sensitivity are shared. The...
Universal access to clean cooking energy and the need for an inclusive policy: evidence from analysis of cooking fuel use in Odisha and Tamil Nadu
This paper briefly maps the existing policies on clean cooking fuel and examines the achievements
to increase the coverage of clean energy for cooking in India and emphasizes the need to go
beyond the ‘price’ and ‘income’ criteria in targeting universal access to clean fuel for cooking. By undertaking a comparative analysis of cooking fuel use patterns across two states, differentiated in terms of key economic parameters, this paper highlights policies that aimed at clean fuel switching in...