Climate information for risk management in Agriculture
Climate change affects agricultural productivity through shifts in rainfall patterns, changing temperature regimes and increased climate variability. This highlights the need for better quantification and predictions of climate variability for better decision making by the farming community. It is expected that access to reliable short (1 day), medium range (3-5 days) and extended range forecasts (15 days to one month lead time) to will help in strategic farm decision making aimed at risk reduction. In this context, the project ‘Gramin Krishi Mausam Sewa” aims to investigate the use of medium range and extended range forecasts to reduce the risk and improve the productivity. The project is supported by Indian Meteorological Department, Ministry of Earth Sciences, New Delhi. MSSRF is operating one of the Agro Field Meteorological Unit in Kannivadi and developing and communicating agro advisories for medium range forecasts for six districts in south agroecological zone of Tamil Nadu since 2004-05. The main purpose is to understand the gendered traditional knowledge on weather and seasonal climate, its relevance and develop the capacity of men and women farmers to understand, interpret and use the medium range weather forecast information to make decisions at farm level related to crop management.
M S Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) established in 1988 is a not-for-profit trust. MSSRF was envisioned and founded by Professor M S Swaminathan, agriculture scientist with proceeds from the First World Food Prize that he received in 1987.